Cronología Freud


1856 – Sigismund Freud is born on May 6, 1856 in Freiberg, Moravia (now Pribor in the Czech Republic).

1859-1865 – The Freuds move to Vienna in 1860

1866-1872 – Freud begins a friendship with his classmate Eduard Silberstein

1873-1875 – In 1873 Freud passes his Matura (school leaving certificate) and enters Vienna University

1876-1880 – Freud studies under Claus and Bruecke

1881-1882 – In 1881 Freud qualifies as doctor of medicine

1882-1883 – Freud is employed as doctor at Theodor Meynert’s Psychiatric Clinic

1884-1885 – Freud researches the medicinal effects of coca

1886 – Marriage to Martha Bernays

1887-1888 – Freud becomes interested in hypnotherapy

1889-1890 – Beginning of friendship with Wilhelm Fliess

1891-1892 – Move to Berggasse 19

1893-1894 – Works together with Josef Breuer on Studies in Hysteria

1895 – Freud manages for the first time to analyse one of his own dreams

1896 – Freud’s first use of the term «psychoanalysis».

1897 – Freud begins his self-analysis

1898 – Publishes The Psychical Mechanism of Forgetting.

1899-1900 – The first copies of The Interpretation of Dreams appear, post- dated 1900.

1901 – Freud begins the analysis of the eighteen-year-old Dora

1902 – Founding of the Wednesday Psychological Society

1903 – Wilhelm Fliess and Freud meet for the last time in Vienna

1904 – Together with his brother Alexander he travels for the first time to Athens

1905 – Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality, Jokes and their Relation to the Unconscious and Fragments of an Analysis of a Case of Hysteria (‘Dora’) appear

1906 – C.G. Jung begins his correspondence with Freud

1907 – Publication of Delusion and Dreams in W. Jensen’s ‘Gradiva’

1908 – The First Congress of «Freudian Psychology» takes place in Salzburg

1909 – Journey to America

1910 – Founding of the International Psychoanalytical Association

1911 – Alfred Adler resigns from the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society

1912 – Founding of the psychoanalytical journal Imago

1913 – Break with C.G. Jung

1914 – Outbreak of the First World War

1915 – Visit of Rainer Maria Rilke

1916 – The first part of Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis appears

1917 – Georg Groddeck joins the psychoanalytical movement

1918 – Freud loses his entire fortune which was tied up in Austrian State Bonds

1919 – The International Psychoanalytical Press is founded in Vienna

1920 – The English language journal International Journal of Psycho-Analysis is founded

1921 – André Breton visits Freud in Vienna.

1922 – Freud is working on A Seventeenth-Century Demonological Neurosis

1923 – The first signs of Freud’s oral cancer are detected

1924 – A conflict with Otto Rank over the meaning of the birth trauma breaks out in psychoanalysis

1925 – The first volumes of Freud’s Collected Works appears

1926 – On his 70th birthday Freud receives various honours

1927 – An election announcement for the Viennese Social Democrats co- signed by Freud appears in the Arbeiter Zeitung

1928 – Dorothy Burlingham gives Freud a chow bitch called Lun Yug

1929 – Arnold Zweig publishes an essay entitled Freud and Humankind in which he celebrates Freud as a liberator from religious and pathological terror

1930 – A heart attack forces Freud to give up smoking

1931 – The financial situation of the International Psychoanalytical Press become critical. Freud appeals for help from the psychoanalytical organisations

1932 – In order to give financial assistance to the International Psychoanalytical Press, he writes the New Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis

1933 – Hitler becomes Reichs Chancellor. Freud corresponds with Einstein on the question «Why War?».

1934 – The 13th International Psychoanalytical Congress takes place at Lucerne. Numerous German analysts have by now been forced to emigrate

1935 – Freud is elected Honorary Member of the British Royal Society of Medicine

1936 – Thomas Mann gives a celebratory address in the Concert Hall on «Freud and the Future»

1937 – Together with Dorothy Burlingham Anna Freud opens the «Jackson Nursery» on the Rudolfsplatz, a kindergarten in which she can begin her study of aspects of infant behaviour

1938 – The Austrian Chancellor Schuschnigg is forced by Hitler to resign. Austria is annexed to the German Reich on 13th March. A wave of political arrests and antisemitic persecution breaks out. Freud’s apartment and the Vienna Psychoanalytic Society are searched. Anna Freud is held for a day by the Gestapo for questioning.

1939 – On 23rd September Freud dies in London